II. Read and translate the text.

TOPICS

My Family

I. Words to learn:

a family relatives to be from sociable

a father an uncle to be fond of experienced

a mother an aunt to be interested in clever

a sister a cousin to be good at kind

a brother a wife to be busy (free) cheerful

a daughter a husband to be happy (unhappy) quiet

a son to be lucky (unlucky) energetic

parents to be together talkative

a grandmother to be married (single) responsible

a grandfather to be ready to help lazy creative

hard-working

II. Read and translate the text.

Let me introduce myself. My name is Alexander. My surname is Petrov. My full name is Alexsander Ivanovich Petrov. I am 16. My birthday is on the 1-st of October. I was born in 1995. I am from Vorkuta. Now I am a student of Forestry Industrial College. I am good at History and Literature. English and Mathematics are difficult for me. My marks are not very good because I am lazy a little. I am fond of sport. Football is my favorite kind of sports. I’m also interested in computers. They say, I’m sociable and creative.

I want to tell you some words about my family. My family is not very large. We are four in the family. I have a mother, a father and a sister. I have no brother.

My father Ivan Ivanovich is 45 years old. He is an engineer at a big plant; he is clever and very experienced. My father is always ready to help us and to his friends. By character my father is a quiet man. He is fond of fishing and hunting.

My mother is energetic and talkative. Her name is Olga Petrovna. She is a teacher of music. My mother is kind and cheerful. She is hard-working and she is very busy at home and at work. My mother is good at cooking and she is clever with her hands.

I am lucky to have an elder sister. My sister’s name is Alla. She is married and has a family of her own. Alla is a housewife and her husband is a doctor. They have a daughter and a son. They are only four and they are funny.

Our family is very united. We are happy when we are together.

I also have many other relatives: uncles, aunts and cousins. Everyone in my family is my best friend.

III. Finish the following:

1. My mother’s sister is my … and her brother is my… . 2. My mother’s husband is my … . 3. My uncle’s son is my … and my aunt’s daughter is my … too. 4. My mother’s son is my … and my mother’s daughter is my … 5. My father’s parents are my … . 6. My father’s wife is my … . 7. Мy uncle’s children are my … . 8. My mother is my grandmother’s … .

IV. Read the following sentences, say if they are true or false.

1. Mr. Green is single, his wife’s name is Helen. 2. Nick lives with his parents, he has no family of his own. 3. My mother has no sister, my aunt’s name is Rose. 4. They got married, they are husband and wife. 5. Misha’s sister has two children, they are Misha’s cousins.

V. Look at this family tree. Complete the sentences with the correct word.

1. Samuel is Emma’s …

2. Dick is Jane’s …

3. Susan is Ann’s …

4. Steve is Richard’s …

5. Samuel is Nick’s …

6. Emma is Richard’s …

7. Richard is Anna’s …

8. Dick is Anna’s …

9. Richard is Nick’s …

VI. Fill in the missing names in the possessive case.

1. Anna is … sister. 2. Dick is … husband. 3. Emma is … mother. 4. Richard is … cousin. 5. Emma is … wife. 6. Dick is … brother. 7. Susan is … aunt. 8. Samuel is … grandfather. 9. Samuel is … father.

IV. Translate into English.

1. Она увлекается музыкой. 2. Мой старший брат - студент. Он женат. 3. У нас много родственников. 4. Её любимый предмет – английский. 5. Моя тетя трудолюбивая. 6. Моя мама родилась 21 января 1970. 7. Его сестра всегда занята. 8. Твоя двоюродная сестра увлекается музыкой. 9. У меня есть младшая сестра.

V. Ask your friend about his/her family.

VI. Read and complete the following dialogue. Act it out.

- Excuse me, who are you?

- My full name is … And who are you?

- I am …

- Where are you from?

- I live in … with my family. My mother is … and my father is …

- How old are you?

- I am …

- What school did you graduate from?

- School number …

- What was your favorite subject at school?

- Well, I liked …

- What do you do in your free time?

- Usually I …

- Pleased to meet you.

- The pleasure is mine.

VII. Read and translate the text. Speak about your future life.

About My Future Life

In ten years I will be twenty six. I will graduate from the Institute and will own some business. I will be hardworking and energetic. I will marry a handsome man (a pretty girl) will have two children. They will be nice and kind. Perhaps I will buy a big flat for my family. We will be friendly and live happily. I will take care of my children and my wife (husband). We will share the children’s interests and will give them good opportunities to study. I will also be always ready to help to my parents.



My Best Friend

I. Words to learn:

to be of the same age to become friends to have an opportunity to have much in common to go in for sports to spend a lot of time to discuss to exchange the opinions to argue to quarrel to meet to go for a walk to be glad to respect to miss to be sure responsible polite politeness honest honesty forever

Working Day

I. Words to learn:

to get up to do morning exercises to wash face and hands to clean teeth to comb hair to make the bed to have breakfast (lunch, dinner, supper) to leave home it takes smb to get to college on foot (by bus, car) to be late (to be in time) to have a big interval to be over to have a little rest to do homework to read magazines to listen to the music to share the news to do some work about the house to stay at home to go for a walk (to walk) to take a shower to go to bed

IV. Complete the sentences.

1. Nick goes to the bathroom and … his face and hands, … his teeth and … his hair. 2. Nina always … home at 8 o’clock. 3. It … me 10 minutes to …. to college on foot. 4. Ann is … English and she is … her friends. 5. After college students usually … a little rest. 6. Girls often … their mothers … about the house. 7. I … at home in the evening and … the Internet. 8. At 11 o’clock she … a shower and … to bed. 9. We don’t … classes, because we want … the exams successfully. 10. After the lessons I … the news with my friends.

VI. Correct mistakes.

1. I get up at 7 o’clock and go to bed. 2. She goes to the bathroom to watch TV. 3. In the morning Nick has dinner with his parents. 4. After lessons Olga has a little rest. She cleans the room and washes dishes. 5. In the evening I often stay at home and play basketball with my friends. 6. At 11 o’clock Mike combs his hair and gоes to bed. 7. He goes to bed and does his homework. 8. At 12 o’clock Mike takes a shower and goes for a walk.

My Day Off

Sunday is my day off. Last Sunday I got up at 10 o’clock. I didn’t do physical jerks. I went to the bathroom and took a shower. I had breakfast with my family. I ate fried eggs with toasted bread and drank tea with lemon. Then I cleaned my room and did some work about the house.

At 12 o’clock my mother and I went shopping. We bought some food and a cake. After dinner I did my home work and went for a walk. My friends and I went to the cinema.

In the evening I prepared for my next working day. I took a bath, brushed my teeth and went to bed at 10.

Why do People Travel?

I. Words to learn:

travelling to be impossible to travel on business to t to travel for pleasure to spend holidays ruins of ancient town to enjoy a picturesque place a change of scene to discover to meet to try to visit to look at shop windows a city-dweller to spend to take pictures a sight a view to travel by ship (by sea) to travel by train (by land) to travel by plane (by air) to travel on foot an advantage a disadvantage to choose destination

V. Answer the questions.

1. Is modern life impossible without travelling? 2. Do people travel every day on business or for pleasure? 3. Why do people travel? 4. How do city-dwellers like to spend holidays? 5. How do country-dwellers like to spend holidays? 6. Why do travelers take a camera with them? 7. How do people travel? 8. How do people choose means of transport? VI. Read and translate the text. Different Means of Travelling People travel by plane when they are in a hurry. It saves a lot of time. But some people are simply afraid of travelling by air and others fell air-sick. Besides it is very expensive. That is why they choose another means of travelling. Travelling by car is very delightful.You are face to face with fantastic nature. You can stop your car whenever you want and have a rest. You can be very close to nature. But it is very difficult to drive a car for hundreds of kilometers, that is why if you have a long journey, you’d better travel by train. Many people are fond of travelling by train. With the train you have speed, comfort and pleasure. From the window you can see big and small towns, forests and rivers. You can talk to your fellow travelers, read books or newspapers, sleep a lot. But when you travel in summer and when the weather is hot it’s awful to spend some days without taking a shower. Travelling by sea is very pleasant. You can feel the slight wind blowing into your face, hear the cry of the sea-gulls, see the beautiful dolphins hurrying somewhere. It is so romantic. Some people don’t like to travel by sea, because in stormy weather they feel sea-sick. VII. Make underlined sentences negative.

Famous people

I. Words to learn:

to be born to receive/to get an education to learn to finish school to enter the Institute to graduate to decide to go abroad to complete the education to return to become to carry on to make experiments to record the results to write works on to publish to die scientist founder great well-known famous outstanding

Mendeleyev

Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev was the great Russian scientist, the father of the Periodic Table of Elements. He was born in Tobolsk in 1834 in the family of the director of the town gymnasium. He received an edu­cation at the Tobolsk gymnasium. At the age of 16 he finished school and went to Petersburg where he entered the Pedagogical Institute and graduated from it with a gold medal in 1855.

After graduation Mendeleyev worked as a teacher for two years. In 1859 Mendeleyev received his Master's Degree and went abroad on a two-year scientific com­mission.

When Mendeleyev returned to Russia he became the professor of the Petersburg Univer­sity, where he carried on scientific and pedagogical ac­tivities for twenty-three years. His lectures on chemi­stry were always interesting and the students of that time listened to them with great interest and attention. Besides lectures Mendeleyev made a lot of experiments in his laboratory and at his classes. He recorded the re­sults of his experiments and later analyzed them. In 1869 Mendeleyev published his Periodic Table of Elements which began a new era in chemical thought.

He was elected member of many academies abroad. He died in 1907.

III. Answer the questions.

1. Where was Mendeleyev born?

2. Where did he get his education?

3. What was his greatest discovery?

4. How old was he when he made his discovery?

Mikhail Lomonosov

Mikhail Lomonosov (be) born in 1711 in Archangelsk province. His father (be) a fisher and young Mikhail (like) to help him. He (be) fond of reading books. As he (be) 19 years old, he (decide) to study in Moscow. He (go) there on foot. In Moscow he (enter) the Slavic- Greek-Latin Academy. After his graduation from Academy he (go) abroad to complete his knowledge in chemistry and mining. After he had returned from abroad, he (become) the first Russian professor of chemistry in 1745.

He (write) works on physics, chemistry, astronomy, geography, history. Besides scientific works, he (write) poems as well. He (be) the author of the first grammar of the Russian language.

Lomonosov (be) the founder of the first Russian university. This university is situated in Moscow and still carries his name.

Mikhail Lomonosov (die) in 1765. But he is still known as the father of the Russian science, an outstanding poet, the founder of Russian literature.

Our College

I. Words to learn:

to study to be founded to be situated to consist to be trained to attend lectures to have practice to be divided to take exams to pass exams to fail at the exam to spend time to get a scholarship to receive (to get) a diploma (a speciality) to give the right to continue studies a full-time department an extra-mural department a college course a book-keeper a builder a gym a canteen a library a hostel a workshop an enterprise successfully

III. Fill in the gaps.

1. Many students … the exams successfully. 2. Technologists have their … at wood-working workshops. 3. At the college the students … at different specialities. 4. Those who study well get a … . 5. Full-time department students are … lectures and practical lessons. 6. The academic year … into 2 terms. 7. Our college … in Dzerzhinski Street. 8. … students study themselves.

VII. What is it?

1. a place, where students have PT lessons 2. a place, where students live 3. a place, where students have lunch 4. a place, where students have practice 5. a place, where students have lessons 6. a place, where students watch TV 7. a place, where students can take books and textbooks 8. a place, where students can have a rest 9. a place, where students have practical lessons

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

Nouns

Pronouns

The verb to be

Present Indefinite (Simple)

Future Indefinite

Present Perfect

Ex. 30. Say that you have already done the things your partner is ask­ing you to do.

MODEL - Don't forget to answer the letters, please.

- I have already answered them.

1. Don't forget to book the tickets, please. 2. Remember to sign the papers. 3. Remember to pack your toothbrush. 4. Don't forget to post the card. 5. Don't forget to leave your telephone number. 6. Don't forget to photocopy the documents. 7. Leave him a message, please. 8. Don't forget to write a reply to Mr. Robinson's letter. 9. Could you take a dictionary from the library? 10. Don't forget to buy milk.

Ex. 31. Refuse the offers politely. Use the prompts.
MODEL - Would you like something to eat? (have dinner)

- No, thank you. I have just had dinner.

1. Would you like a cigarette? (smoke one) 2. Would you like another biscuits? (have two) 3. Would you like a bottle of red wine? (buy one) 4. Would you like a plum? (take one) 5. Would you like to visit the robots exhibition? (be there) 6. Would you like to see his new car? (see)

Ex. 32. Put the adverbs of indefinite time in their proper place.
1. He has finished his coffee. (already) 2. He hasn't finished his coffee. (yet) 3. I have seen him. (just) 4. Have you spoken to her about it? (ever) 5. I have been to the laboratory. (already) 6. We have been there before (never). 7. They haven't finished breakfast. (yet) 8. I have done my homework (already) 9. Have you made the beds Ann? (already) 10. Have you traveled? (ever) 11. We have seen a flying saucer. (never) 12. Have you heard from Mary? (lately)

Past Indefinite (Simple)

Ex. 34. Open the brackets, put the verbs into the Past Indefinite.

A)1. My mother (to buy) me a nice gray suit last week. 2. We (to pay) money for the house three days ago. 3. They (to bring) very beautiful roses home yesterday. 4. I (to change) shoes for the bigger size the other day. 5. Susan (to try) on a new blue dress yesterday evening. 6. My friend (to invite) me to the birthday party last Monday. 7. She (to sweep) the floor two hours ago. 8. I (to wash) the sink in the kitchen yesterday evening.

B)1. I (to play) in the garden 2 hours ago. 2. He (to want) to go home. 3. The driver (to stop) the car a minute ago. 4. He (to drink) tea last night. 5. It (to rain) yesterday. 6. The teacher (to give) me a book last week. 7. He (to sit) at his desk and (write) letters half an hour ago. 8. Mary (come) to the class early yesterday.

Modal verbs

Degrees of Comparison

TOPICS

My Family

I. Words to learn:

a family relatives to be from sociable

a father an uncle to be fond of experienced

a mother an aunt to be interested in clever

a sister a cousin to be good at kind

a brother a wife to be busy (free) cheerful

a daughter a husband to be happy (unhappy) quiet

a son to be lucky (unlucky) energetic

parents to be together talkative

a grandmother to be married (single) responsible

a grandfather to be ready to help lazy creative

hard-working

II. Read and translate the text.

Let me introduce myself. My name is Alexander. My surname is Petrov. My full name is Alexsander Ivanovich Petrov. I am 16. My birthday is on the 1-st of October. I was born in 1995. I am from Vorkuta. Now I am a student of Forestry Industrial College. I am good at History and Literature. English and Mathematics are difficult for me. My marks are not very good because I am lazy a little. I am fond of sport. Football is my favorite kind of sports. I’m also interested in computers. They say, I’m sociable and creative.

I want to tell you some words about my family. My family is not very large. We are four in the family. I have a mother, a father and a sister. I have no brother.

My father Ivan Ivanovich is 45 years old. He is an engineer at a big plant; he is clever and very experienced. My father is always ready to help us and to his friends. By character my father is a quiet man. He is fond of fishing and hunting.

My mother is energetic and talkative. Her name is Olga Petrovna. She is a teacher of music. My mother is kind and cheerful. She is hard-working and she is very busy at home and at work. My mother is good at cooking and she is clever with her hands.

I am lucky to have an elder sister. My sister’s name is Alla. She is married and has a family of her own. Alla is a housewife and her husband is a doctor. They have a daughter and a son. They are only four and they are funny.

Our family is very united. We are happy when we are together.

I also have many other relatives: uncles, aunts and cousins. Everyone in my family is my best friend.

III. Finish the following:

1. My mother’s sister is my … and her brother is my… . 2. My mother’s husband is my … . 3. My uncle’s son is my … and my aunt’s daughter is my … too. 4. My mother’s son is my … and my mother’s daughter is my … 5. My father’s parents are my … . 6. My father’s wife is my … . 7. Мy uncle’s children are my … . 8. My mother is my grandmother’s … .




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